Data Services Products: MEQL - typhoon Haiyan Microseism Energy Quick Look (MEQL) Highlight - typhoon Haiyan

Summary

Images on this page represent the integrated median power time series calculated from the power spectral densities (PSDs) for the vertical, N-S and E-W components of selected seismic stations along the path of typhoon Haiyan (formed on 2013-11-03 & dissipated on 2013-11-11).

Description

IRIS DMC’s Noise Toolkit is used to compute microseism energy (ME) variations at different period bands for selected GSN stations located along the typhoon Haiyan’s path. These ME values are calculated by integrating the power spectral density (PSD) functions computed from the waveform data. The resulting power time histories show variations in stations noise level caused by passage of super typhoon Haiyan.

Image to the right (click for a larger view) shows map of Haiyan’s path and its wind speeds in blue (data from US Naval Research Laboratory, Marine Meteorology). On this map location of 4 selected seismic stations: IU.CTAO, IU.GUMO, IU.DAV, IU.MBWA, RM.SZP & TW.YULB are shown in red.

For each station median microseismic power values are computed for the (BHZ, BH1,BH2) or (BHZ BHN,BHE) channel groups at period bands of 1s to 5s, 5s to 10s & 11s to 30s that correspond to the local microseism (LM), secondary microseism (SM) and the primary microseism (PM) bands respectively. The resulting microseismic power values are smoothed using a moving 6 hour median window. The time span for computations is from 2013-10-28 to 2013-11-14 that covers typhoon Haiyan (formed on 2013-11-03 & dissipated on 2013-11-11).

The following images (one set per station) show the microseism energy temporal variation of the BHZ and 2 horizontal channels at the selected stations for the period band of 1s to 5s (local microseism, top row), 5s to 10s (secondary microseism, middle row) and 11s to 30s (primary microseism, bottom row). click on each image for a larger view.

IU.CTAO

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

IU.GUMO

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

IU.DAV

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

IU.MBWA

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

IU.TATO

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

IU.CHTO

local microseism (LM), 1s to 5s
secondary microseism (SM), 5s to 10s
primary microseism (PM), 11s to 30s

Citations and DOIs

Credits

  • IRIS DMC Products Team

Categories

Tags

MEQL

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