Thread: Another example of filtering

Started: 2007-05-03 06:30:09
Last activity: 2007-05-03 15:37:20
Topics: IRIS EPO
John or Jan Lahr
2007-05-03 06:30:09
A while back I showed how to set up a helicorder filter in AmaSeis so
that the surface waves from distant earthquakes would be enhanced.
(See: http://jclahr.com/science/psn/as1/filtering/index.html)

The other day I received an earthquake notification message* from the
USGS about a 3.1 earthquake not too far from my station in Corvallis,
Oregon. Although I couldn't see anything on my helicorder record,
especially with the filter I was using to enhance low frequencies, by
switching to a filter that would bring out the high frequencies the
earthquake was clearly visible above the background noise. This
example clearly demonstrates how the frequency content of seismic
waves depends on the distance to the event. Local and regional
events will be rich in frequencies above 1 Hz, while distant events
are often best identified by surface waves with periods of 18 to 20 seconds.

See: http://jclahr.com/science/psn/as1/filtering/high_pass.html

*To subscribe to receive earthquake messages, go to this page:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/ens/

Cheers,
John



#################################/ John C. Lahr
################################/ Emeritus Seismologist
###############################/ U.S. Geological Survey
==========================/ Central Region Geologic Hazards Team
#############################//#################################
############################//##################################
PO Box 548 /###################################
Corvallis, Oregon 97339 /===============================
Phone: (541) 758-2699 /####################################
Cell: (541) 740-4844 /#####################################
Fax: (413) 658-2699 /######################################
johnjan<at>lahr.org /#######################################
http://jclahr.com/science/



  • Chris Midden
    2007-05-03 15:37:20
    What would the low pass and high pass filter parameters be to highlight the
    higher frequency for the local events?

    Living near the New Madrid fault I was hoping to be able to see the micro
    earthquakes that occur there regularly but so far I have not successfully
    been able to identify them.

    I saw on your web site that the low pass would be 1.5mhz. Should I enable
    the high pass filter too? Or does the high pass filter not have an effect?

    Then do you also filter again after the event is extracted? How is the
    filter applied 3 times?


    Thanks!

    Chris Midden

    -----Original Message-----
    From: irised-bounces<at>iris.washington.edu
    [irised-bounces<at>iris.washington.edu] On Behalf Of John or Jan Lahr
    Sent: Thursday, May 03, 2007 1:30 AM
    To: irised<at>iris.washington.edu
    Subject: [irised] Another example of filtering

    A while back I showed how to set up a helicorder filter in AmaSeis so
    that the surface waves from distant earthquakes would be enhanced.
    (See: http://jclahr.com/science/psn/as1/filtering/index.html)

    The other day I received an earthquake notification message* from the
    USGS about a 3.1 earthquake not too far from my station in Corvallis,
    Oregon. Although I couldn't see anything on my helicorder record,
    especially with the filter I was using to enhance low frequencies, by
    switching to a filter that would bring out the high frequencies the
    earthquake was clearly visible above the background noise. This
    example clearly demonstrates how the frequency content of seismic
    waves depends on the distance to the event. Local and regional
    events will be rich in frequencies above 1 Hz, while distant events
    are often best identified by surface waves with periods of 18 to 20 seconds.

    See: http://jclahr.com/science/psn/as1/filtering/high_pass.html

    *To subscribe to receive earthquake messages, go to this page:
    http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/ens/

    Cheers,
    John



    #################################/ John C. Lahr
    ################################/ Emeritus Seismologist
    ###############################/ U.S. Geological Survey
    ==========================/ Central Region Geologic Hazards Team
    #############################//#################################
    ############################//##################################
    PO Box 548
    /###################################
    Corvallis, Oregon 97339 /===============================
    Phone: (541) 758-2699 /####################################
    Cell: (541) 740-4844 /#####################################
    Fax: (413) 658-2699 /######################################
    johnjan<at>lahr.org /#######################################
    http://jclahr.com/science/


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23:52:23 v.22510d55